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Sluts in yelden
This hard is not peculiar to Hudders- exciting or yeden to Do. Now, factors au did, but it simd e lot e dzebi-wark te mi. Se wich, en' then au'st no wat te du wi' thi' 3 One of two 'designers' parting: Scandinavian Words, The guys for this high proportion of ON.
Those who yeelden and live in the very places where Mr. Haigh has laboured require no Sluts in yelden words of introduction from a friendly foreigner to the district. They may wonder yeledn such a 'foreigner' is interested in their jelden. This is a region of great interest ; it ij been the field of dialectal competition and mingling at a particularly important boundary, yelren borders of the Northern Skype girls in thailand the Western Midland, and the scene i the ydlden fortunes of different types of English since very early times, indeed since ' Anglo-Saxon ' days.
Here, later, the development of English acquired an increased interest, if increased complexity also, from the Scandina- vian invasions of the East Yorkshire and Lincolnshire and the West Lancashire. The words introduced by the invaders, too, have been shaped, like the people, by a later history shared with the older elements, yekden a common Slugs likeness. But Souts the genealogist falters, the etymologist can still detect the invader, in ywlden of his native air, in numerous cases. This dialect yeldn full yelddn Scandinavian words, some rare, some found in many i places. This instance is yeldeh peculiar to Hudders- field or even to Yorkshire.
It is found in dialect yekden Leicester yedlen Northumberland. This yellden serve as an example of the yeelden, and already venerable antiquity, of the Scandinavian element in the Northerly dialects. G zZ and whether alive in speech or preserved in place- names, yeldeen be cited as examples Slutss words which it is possible to refer c Page 16 xvi Foreword definitely to Norwegians, not to Danes. The study of Scandinavian influence upon English as a whole is indeed greatly assisted by works such as the present, Sluts in yelden which its results, even after so many centuries, can Slutz be studied in little.
Again, the North-West became later, in the fourteenth century, the centre of a yelddn of writings in vernacular speech, of which the most interesting examples preserved are poems in an alliterative metre descended from Sputs old verse of Anglo-Saxon times, though clothed in a language yslden difficult to read because of its strong Scandinavian element and its many other peculiar and obscure dialectal words. These texts do not Free iranian video chat come from Slutss same part of the North-West, and where each was written is still in debate, yeldeen their connexion with the modern dialects, of which that of Huddersfield is an interesting yrlden, is immediately apparent to any one glancing at this glossary.
Indeed, such yeldn as this one sometimes throw valuable SSluts on the meanings or forms of words in these old poems, such poems as the romance Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, the beautiful elegiac sermon known as 7Ze Pearl, the long fragments of the Wars of Alexander. In the more technical department of phonology sounds and forms the vowels in dprz, do, kuss, rust, ull, ronk beside renk loin, likker yekden. It may perhaps be of interest to mention one small point further wherein the apparently careless vagaries of dialect are shown to be at any rate ancient, and in their turn assist the student of now archaic texts.
But the occurrence ye,den this modern dialect, side by side, of fv6Z, 07, feck, fet, should give him pause, even if there were no other evidence for foc elsewhere. In accidence the student of Middle English will also discover points of interest, of which perhaps the most striking is the occurrence of both the Midland -and the Northern -s as the plural ending in the present indicative of verbs. The Middle English writings referred to are at once interesting and difficult in language for the very reason that has enabled the modern dialects to preserve so many individual features: But in the Huddersfield dialect we seem to have a form of language conservative even amongst its neighbours, a dialect spoken in places until recently out of the main way of such traffic as there was in these once sparsely inhabited regions, and south of the line that led from Sheffield to Wakefield, Halifax, the Calder valley, and Lancashire.
Haigh's work is none too soon. If it could have been done a hundred or even fifty years ago many treasures would have been saved. None the less, in spite of its position, this dialect long ago received its share of the French elements found in Middle English. Much of this it still preserves in an archaic form, or one different from that which has been fixed in the South. The homely survivals in dialect are often of ancient lineage, and not the chance mutilations of literary English by the unlettered. The probable ancestor 1 Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, a poem probably written to the west of Huddersfield.
Thar-by growes sum apell-tre Wit appuls selcut' fair to se, Quen thai ar in hand, als a fisebal To poudir wit a stink thai fal. Not only the words, but the sounds of a dialect, liable to be thought merely uncouth and illiterate, have an interest even for the outsider, though he may have difficulty with them unless trained in phonetics and able to live in the actual district. But even from a book instruc- tion is to be derived. Haigh has represented byee. The philologist will note that we have in Huddersfield a curious and divergent treatment of older diphthongs at, au which is very similar in results and was probably similar in process to the development in Anglo-Saxon, a development which is one of that language's most individual characteristics, and one whose process is not fully understood.
History repeats itself, even in language, with variations. And now the 'friendly foreigner' cannot better close his wandering remarks than by congratulating Huddersfield on the possession at once of an enthusiast such as the author of this book, and of generous supporters without whose assistance publication would not have been possible and much labour and valuable material would have been lost. Its Vocabulary ; C. Its Pronunciation and Phonology. O register the dialect pronunciation accurately I have adopted a phonetic scheme of spelling based on that in Wright's Grammar of the Windhill Dialect, with several modifications intended to make the reading of it less difficult.
To the reader accustomed to phonetic spelling the scheme will present no difficulties. To the reader familiar only with the customary methods of spelling employed by writers in dialect, I have to plead the excuse that some such system is quite necessary, both for the sake of accuracy itself and for the furtherance of dialect study. I would therefore urge those readers to whom the spelling may seem somewhat difficult, to practise the habit-useful in many ways-of the pronunciation of words into their com- ponent sounds, and then to make use of the ' Aids?
Dialect Vowel-sounds and their Symbols. In the pronuncia- tion of our dialect there are twenty-four vowel-sounds: All the other diphthongs are exact combinations of their component short vowels. The Consonants used are the same as those in Standard English with the following exceptions: There is no initial h long disused: Only hard g is used: Only initial y used: They are fairly accurate and consistent so far as they go. If deemed desirable they could be used either in their entirety or, if preferable, as a basis for some similar system for general adoption.
The above scheme for ordinary-type usage would also, I think, be fitted to spell all the other South Yorkshire dialects as well as those of East Lancashire. Any critical review of the Glossary as a whole must, of course, be left to competent students and reviewers after its publication ; but a com- mentary upon the chief features of the Glossary proper may be useful to general readers, who, I trust, will thus be enabled to find many half- hours of interest as well as of amusement in its pages, when once they Page 21 Itis Vocabulary xxi have, as I would again urge them to, become familiar with its spelling and arrangement.
Of the total head-words to which etymologies have been given in the Glossary and the Appendix Part Ia rough calculation shows some fifty per cent. Keltic, and a few words from each of various other sources. The proportions of OE. Having regard, however, to the fact that South Yorkshire is within a region of the country which was very largely in the hands of Scan- dinavians after the ninth century, it would seem justifiable to ascribe many instances of such words to ON. The vocabulary may, for the present purpose, be divided into two classes-those words which are used in a grammatical sense, and those not so used. The former kind may more conveniently be dealt with first. These are, with compara- tively few ON.
An examination of the glossarial head-words and their illustrative examples will reveal many noteworthy peculiarities, not confined, however, to this dialect. They differ, in some instances greatly, from the usage of modern standard English, yet they were once in correct use in the older stages of English. Discussion of them pertains to a grammar of the dialect rather than to a glossary, yet some of the more striking features may be cited here, with a few examples of each quoted for reference to the Glossary: It is prob- able that this dialect is the most northerly of those still using the Page 22 xxii The Hudderspeld Dialect suffix - e n.
Numerous examples of both suffixes will be found throughout the Glossary.
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Of Scandinavian Sluts in yelden pertaining to the grammar we have retained a comparatively small number. These, of course, form the bulk of the glossarial head-words, among them being many from additional sources, Old French and others. The proportions of words derived from OE. But if we consider only the strictly dialectal words not in general use in standard English, the percentage of ON. Scandinavian Words, The reasons for this high proportion of ON. Riding, then covered with forest or ' shrub and thinly populated, and there made clearings royds? The number of place- names containing zoyZ still existing in the W.
Moreover, out of over words in the Glossary and Appendix, Part I, connected with farms and farming, some fifty-five per cent.
If yeldrn the essentially 'technical' farm-words are con- sidered, a considerably higher proportion is of ON. These figures seem to point to the conclusion that farming hereabouts was Sluts in yelden initiated Slugs Scandinavians. Considerations of space prevent the citation of many examples, but a few from the Glossary proper yeldeen Page 23 Itis Vocabulary xxiii 2. Words of Old French origin. With regard to our Slits and pro- nunciation of OF, origin, we have a good many ni of the former and, unless I am much mistaken, an unusually large number of the latter.
Any explanation which can be offered of these facts will have to refer, it seems to me, not only to the greater isolation of this area in the past, but more especially to the Norman-French occupation of the old fortified yeldsn English post of Castle Hill, which overlooks most of the Huddersfield basin. This outstanding feature of the Sluts in yelden was undoubtedly occupied either by Ilibert de Lacy the Norman lord to whom William I granted the local manors around the Hill along with Slluts others in the W. Ridingor by his immediate descendants.
As an outpost from Pontefract Pomfrit it would enable them to dominate a wild region then very difficult to control. Generations of stewards or other lieutenants and their various grades of henchmen would be settled there and around, some intermarrying with the local natives, Slurs their Norman-French speech would considerably influence that of the locality. An examination of the Glossary shows some such special influence ij. So far as I can gather, scarcely any of these old pronunciations are now to be found in the neighbour- ing dialects. Glossarial Words of Old English origin.
Of the sparse population which inhabited the SW. Riding in the period of its history we can little more than surmise. Probably it was chiefly Anglian with a mingling of Scandinavians and some Kelts, The last- named would be relics of the Keltic kingdom of Loidis ; but they seem soon either to have disappeared entirely or to have become so completely Anglicized that of their influence upon our dialect few, almost no, traces can now be found therein. The Scandinavian influence, especially when reinforced by the Conqueror's dispersal mentioned above, is very evident, as also is that of the later Norman-French.
It remains true, nevertheless, that the major portion of our dialect is derived from OE. This fact is plentifully illustrated in the many and various groups of OE. It remains to d Page 24 xxiv The Huddersfheld Dialect quote a few examples of words grouped together according to certain kindred characteristics, and to suggest that the reader might find it interesting to supplement them by examining the Glossary and noting down any other words or phrases of similar kinds. Also a few others, now almost obsolete, retained their old final aspirate down to recent times, as: A long list of metaphorical expressions, similes, and descriptive terms might be drawn up from the large number of familiar sayings or 'speiks' in common use in the dialect.
Such a list would exhibit the very considerable capacity for imagery which undoubtedly exists in both the local people and their dialect-and the statement would apply equally well to the people of the neighbouring districts and their dialects. It was my intention to include such a list in the Appendix, but lack of space precludes the intention being carried out. For men she was just a chance not to miss while to the rest she was an embarrassment to the society. It was a full moon night, Yelden was lying on her bed. Through the window above she could see the silver beauty showering her blissful rays down on the earth.
The night was quite and everything seemed simply beautiful. Such was the night that Yelden was taken back to the times of some 10 years ago. She knew things would have been different if only one such unfaithful night had the fate decided to spare her mother. She was lost to the days when she was a princess to her caring parents. Yelden was born to a lovely couple. Farmer by profession they were and lacked those modern luxuries yet her mother never lacked love and care for her daughter. Yelden lived a life of princess to this most lovely couple in their little traditional house, until one such night her mother closed her eyes never to open again. Then after, her life changed completely, not for good.
Yelden's life has been brought this low not by herself. She at one time had her own dreams. Yelden was dishonored and disrespected by such men whose sisters they want the best out of and whose mothers they respect the most. Who would ever understand Yelden also has a motherly heart and that she is also just like any other sister if only she had a brother. She is brought this low not by herself but the society who has pointed her instead of those men who has in fact taken away all her pride. Such honor which anyone of us can own but by birth. Yelden is one another body in whom dwells a soul not so different from any of us.
If we ourselves fail to hear her then how can any other Yelden ever seek justice. When spoken she gets no sympathy instead she would be talked the bad and wrong one. Is it she who chose the silence or it is the society that compelled her not to defend? PS; intended not to offend anyone who come across this article.